Disc Replacement Surgery: Why is it needed?
Disc replacement surgery is an option for patients with degenerative disc disease who do not respond to conservative treatments, discectomy, or spinal fusions, and patients who have complications after surgery.
Even though spinal fusion has been the preferred approach to treat spinal deformities for many years because of its high success rate, this type of surgery may have significant short -term and long - term complications. As a result, artificial intervertebral disc replacement becomes a necessary alternative.
Artificial Intervertebral Disc
Using innovative technology and based on extensive research, artificial intervertebral disc replacement treatment produces effective outcomes for degenerative disc disease. The advantages of this treatment are not only that it treats the direct underlying cause but also it causes less pain, fewer complications and fast recovery.
The advantages of artificial intervertebral disc:
• Direct cause of the pain is surgical removed.
• The surgery preserves and restores the spinal unit motion at the operation site. This preserved motion protects against additional stress and degeneration at other levels of the spine.
• The normal disc space height is restored. The replaced artificial disc widens the lateral neural canal, preventing compression and irritation of the nerve root.
• The artificial intervertebral disc prevents facet joints from excessive stress and premature aging of spine.
• Surgical procedure causes no damage to the nerves and spinal cord and leaves minimal tissue adhesion. It also requires no back muscle cutting so it can maintain muscle stability.
The Advantages of Total Artificial Disc Replacement
Total artificial disc replacement is a minimal invasive procedure performed through an incision in the abdomen, causing no back muscle damage and causing minimal tissue injury.
Artificial disc replacement is a procedure that allows fast recovery. Patients who have undergone the implantation can walk and return to normal motion of the spine within 12 to 24 hours after the surgery. The artificial disc is designed to mimic function of the natural disc, which preserves the mobility and stability of the spine. This results in long-term or permanent pain relief. The disc also restores the normal physiologic motion of joints, maintains the normal joint compression, and reduces further degeneration.
Durability of Artificial Disc
The durability of an artificial disc is more than 20 years. Although the failure rate of artificial disc is low, some patients may need revision. If the revision is needed, the procedure must be performed by spine surgeons who have experiences in artificial disc replacement.